A Disease in the Public Mind: A New Understanding of Why We Fought the Civil War

By Thomas Fleming

By the time John Brown hung from the gallows for his crimes at Harper’s Ferry, Northern abolitionists had made him a ““holy martyr” of their crusade opposed to Southern slave vendors. This Northern hatred for Southerners lengthy predated their objections to slavery. They have been confident that New England, whose spokesmen had began the yankee Revolution, must have been the chief of the hot kingdom. in its place, that they had been displaced via Southern ““slavocrats” like Thomas Jefferson.

This malevolent envy exacerbated the South’s maximum worry: a race conflict. Jefferson’s cry, ““We are really to be pitied,” summed up their dread. for many years, extremists in either areas flung insults and threats, growing intractable enmities. by means of 1861, just a civil battle that may kill one million males may possibly retailer the Union.

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Adams overlooked the best way this declare contradicted his past political rules. In 1803, Senator Adams had sponsored President Jefferson’s correct to shop for Louisiana by way of treaty, to the outrage of now not a couple of humans in Massachusetts. In 1819, Secretary of nation Adams had got Florida from Spain by means of treaty. In either circumstances, slaves have been concerned. Now Adams advised a skeptical condominium of Representatives that buying Texas and its few thousand slaves via treaty with Mexico was once unconstitutional. 6 for 3 weeks in the summertime of 1838, Adams used his procedural abilities to carry the ground of the home, difficult Congress’s hopes of accomplishing a brief vote to annex Texas.

Eight. Abzug, Passionate Liberator, 150–152. nine. Ibid. , 210–214. 10. Ibid. , 240–241. bankruptcy 12: ABOLITIONISM DIVIDES AND CONQUERS ITSELF 1. Barnes, The Anti-Slavery Impulse, chap. nine, “Garrisonism,” 88–99. His “hateful self portrait . . . couldn't were extra ruinous to the abolitionist reason. ” Stewart, Holy Warriors, ninety five. Theodore Weld “rejected all factions as self serving and morally bankrupt. ” 2. Whitney move, the blistered Over District: A Social and highbrow historical past of Enthusiastic faith in Western big apple (Ithaca: 1950), 300–308.

A few of his generals, comparable to Jean Christophe, attempted to dissuade him. they'd turn into pleasant with a lot of those doomed Frenchmen. They wanted their aid to revive Haiti’s prosperity. however the new ruler was once implacable. French males, ladies, and youngsters died within the comparable cruel manner. in a single or ports, Dessalines’s extra compassionate lieutenants allowed a few Frenchmen and their households to flee to close by ships. a couple of international retailers used bribes and persuasion to aid others flee. One Scottish service provider from Baltimore was once later given a gold medal by means of French refugees in that urban to specific their gratitude.

Offers and wagons to move them have been insufficient. greater to play it secure and enable the newspapers shout the scoop in their wonderful victory. might be it's going to persuade the Yankees to just accept a negotiated peace. 14 Unmentioned within the compliment that used to be quickly pouring from the southern presses used to be the fellow whose approach had made the victory attainable. It was once common Robert E. Lee who had situated the 2 accomplice armies in order that they have been associated by way of a rail line and will come to every other’s counsel if wanted.

He most likely suspected his summons to Washington had no longer a bit to do with this massive truth. initially of the yr, basic Winfield Scott had despatched a pamphlet to Texas advising his officials on the best way to care for the drawback. He had ordered it proven to Lee’s commander, basic David Twigs, after which to Colonel Lee. The officer who added the record remarked stable humoredly, “Ah! i do know common Scott absolutely believes that God Almighty needed to spit on his palms to make Bob Lee. ” In Virginia, an Arlington neighbor placed the problem extra explicitly: “For a few the query of ‘What will Colonel Lee do?

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