Autumn in the Heavenly Kingdom: China, the West, and the Epic Story of the Taiping Civil War

By Stephen R. Platt

Winner of the 2012 Cundill Prize in History

A gripping account of China’s nineteenth-century Taiping uprising, one of many biggest civil wars in background. Autumn within the Heavenly Kingdom brims with unforgettable characters and brilliant re-creations of huge and infrequently ugly battles—a sweeping but intimate portrait of the clash that formed the destiny of recent China.
 
The tale starts off within the early 1850s, the waning years of the Qing dynasty, while observe unfold of a huge revolution brewing within the provinces, led by way of a failed civil servant who claimed to be the son of God and brother of Jesus. The Taiping rebels drew their strength from the negative and the disenfranchised, unleashing the ethnic rage of hundreds of thousands of chinese language opposed to their Manchu rulers. This homegrown stream appeared all yet unstoppable till Britain and the USA stepped in and threw their help in the back of the Manchus: after years of big carnage, all competition to Qing rule used to be successfully snuffed out for generations. Stephen R. Platt recounts those occasions in spellbinding element, construction his tale on attention-grabbing characters with opposing visions for China’s destiny: the conservative Confucian student Zeng Guofan, an unintentional common who emerged because the so much influential army strategist in China’s glossy historical past; and Hong Rengan, an excellent Taiping chief whose grand imaginative and prescient of establishing a contemporary, commercial, and pro-Western chinese language kingdom led to tragic failure.
 
This is a vital and mesmerizing heritage of the increase and fall of the stream that, a century and a part in the past, may need introduced China on a wholly various direction into the fashionable international.

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Four, thirteen. 1, thirteen. 2, thirteen. three, thirteen. four, 15. 1, 15. 2 South Bridge (Nanqiao) south gate of Nanjing, thirteen. 1, sixteen. 1 Statistical Society of London Staveley, Charles steamships, three. 1, three. 2, five. 1, 7. 1, 7. 2, eight. 1, nine. 1, nine. 2, nine. three, eleven. 1, 12. 1, thirteen. 1 suicide, 1. 1, three. 1, three. 2, four. 1, four. 2, five. 1, 6. 1, 6. 2, 6. three, 7. 1, eleven. 1, sixteen. 1 summer time Palace, prl. 1, 2. 1, three. 1, five. 1, five. 2, 6. 1, eight. 1, eight. 2, eight. three, eight. four, 10. 1, eleven. 1, sixteen. 1, sixteen. 2 sunlight Yatsen Sushun, eight. 1, 10. 1, 10. 2, 12. 1 Suzhou, three. 1, four. 1, four. 2, four. three, four. four, four. five, four. 6, 6. 1, 12. 1, 12. 2, thirteen. 1, thirteen. 2, 14.

The partitions ran parallel to the wall of the town and sandwiched the Hunan military camp among them. the internal wall, dealing with the town, was once to guard them from the forces inside of, and the outer wall was once to guard them from aid forces. In essence it used to be, on a smaller scale, their very own walled urban. To extra shield opposed to reinforcements from the north, 20,000 cavalry less than the Manchu commander Duolonga arrange a line of obstruction outdoors the insurgent stronghold of Tongcheng, 40 miles north of Anqing, whereas Zeng Guofan’s naval forces manage blockades at the Yangtze River a number of miles above and less than the town.

He transferred what meager reinforcements he may well to Nanjing, yet they amounted to just a number of hundred males the following and there. He consulted divinations in hopes of studying no matter if Heaven intended for the insurgent armies to stick or disperse. 25 Writing to his besieged brother from the protection of Anqing, Zeng Guofan attempted to provide encouragement. If the unswerving King (the “False unswerving King,” Zeng referred to as him) had greater than one hundred thousand squaddies, Zeng predicted that his military would wish offers at the order of sixty a whole bunch rice consistent with day.

Five, 15. 1, 15. 2, sixteen. 1, sixteen. 2, sixteen. three “host and visitor” (military strategy), 6. 1, 14. 1 condo of Commons, British, 2. 1, eight. 1, eight. 2, eleven. 1, thirteen. 1, 15. 1 condo of Lords, British, five. 1, eight. 1, eight. 2, eight. three, eleven. 1 howitzers, five. 1, five. 2, five. three Huangmei Huangpu River, four. 1, four. 2, eleven. 1, 12. 1 Huangshan (Yellow Mountain) Huang Shuhua Huangzhou, nine. 1, nine. 2, nine. three Hubei province, three. 1, 6. 1, 6. 2, 6. three, 7. 1, 7. 2, eight. 1, nine. 1, nine. 2, nine. three, nine. four, nine. five, nine. 6, nine. 7, 10. 1, 12. 1, 12. 2, 15. 1, sixteen. 1 Hugo, Victor, eight. 1, eight. 2 Hunan military (Xiang Jun), prf.

6, pp. 214–215. sixty one. The advised from the Analects is recorded in “Gengshen (jia) binan riji” (A diary of heading off calamity in 1860–1861), access for XF11/3/8 (April 17, 1861), in TPTG, vol. 6, p. 215; additionally in Mr. Tang (no given name), “Qiuwen riji” (Qiuwen diary), access for XF11/3/2 (April eleven, 1861), in TPTG, vol. 6, p. 346. sixty two. Edkins, “Narrative of a trip to Nanking,” pp. 280–281. sixty three. Ibid. , p. 301. sixty four. Hong Rengan, Yingjie guizhen (A hero’s go back to the truth), trans. in Franz Michael, The Taiping uprising: historical past and files (Seattle: collage of Washington Press, 1966–1971), vol.

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