By Dan Snow
Join TV’s Dan Snow because the absolutely illustrated ‘Battle Castles’ brings to exciting existence a cavalcade of medieval fortifications and the clashes that became empires to dirt and mortals into legends.
Castles and their ruins nonetheless dominate the panorama and are a continuing reminder to u . s . time while violence, or the specter of it, used to be the norm.
Dan Snow explores the world’s maximum medieval castles: from Dover fort to Château Gaillard, Richard I’s castle in Normandy, and Castillo de Gibalfaro, the final leading edge of Moorish rule in Spain, to Krak des Chevaliers in Syria – an awesome feat of engineering by means of the Crusaders.
Each castle’s tale is dramatically mentioned: the construction thoughts, the guns used and lifestyle in the partitions. Spanning the globe, and utilizing the most recent CGI reconstructions, Dan Snow will get to the very center of the bloodshed and battles of the best fortresses of the center Ages.
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Extra resources for Battle Castles: 500 Years of Knights and Siege Warfare
We're lucky, notwithstanding, that for the siege of Château Gaillard in 1203–04, one eyewitness wrote not just a prose account but in addition a way more large poem. It survives at the present time in 3 assorted manuscripts and covers the occasions of the siege in massive aspect. The poet, William the Breton, used to be a hugely informed guy. He served as a chaplain to Philip II of France and used to be tasked with writing the ‘official’ account of the deeds of his king. His prose account of the siege is contained in his Gesta Philippi Augusti, ‘The Deeds of Philip Augustus’ (written 1216–1220).
Treadwheel know-how fell into disuse after Rome’s fall, and the dimensions of creating blocks lowered consequently. It then reappeared throughout the medieval interval, the 1st proof for it relationship from the 1st half the 13th century, whilst the good age of Gothic cathedral building created a robust incentive for more desirable thoughts. OUTER WORKS The time period ‘outer works’ contains any protective buildings equipped outdoor the most quarter enclosed by way of a castle’s partitions. Dry ditches equivalent to these at Château Gaillard and water-filled moats comparable to that at Beaumaris are universal examples.
Elements of the wall have holes for the wood hoardings or machicolations, which might have covered the head of the partitions, permitting defenders to drop missiles and to unharness their crossbows opposed to strength attackers (see Machicolations and Crossbow boxes). The apex of the triangle was once used to create a kind of barbican or increase paintings (outer bailey), separated from the remainder of the fortress through a deep moat crossed by way of a drawbridge. in the moat was once a center bailey which contained a number of the functional constructions a garrison required, comparable to stables and garage components.
In 1313, for instance, an account mentions in passing royal agent have been despatched to Conwy to recuperate the fortress and city from sure ‘disobedient’ males who have been keeping them opposed to the king. a few panicky injunctions were issued quickly after Madog’s uprising, banning the Welsh from dwelling and buying and selling close to the royal castles. inside of a new release of the conquest, the hot cities, deliberate as solely English enclaves, did include Welsh women and men. Occasional scares, corresponding to the homicide in 1343 of a major royal legit, set again the method of lodging among English and Welsh.
This view over the concentric partitions from the preserve finds the huge feat he confronted The hovering white cliffs alongside this stretch of south England’s coast supplied an unassailable ordinary defence If this stress-free behaviour was once meant to precise the calm self assurance of Prince Louis, the Dover garrison answered in variety. they often paraded in complete armour open air the fortress barbican underneath the north gate, in complete view of the besieging military. The goal, possibly, was once to teach their extraordinary power and show their urge for food for the struggle.