The Cross and the Rising Sun: The Canadian Protestant Missionary Movement in the Japanese Empire, 1872-1931

By A. Hamish Ion

Drawing on either Canadian and eastern resources, this ebook investigates the existence, paintings, and attitudes of Canadian Protestant missionaries in Japan, Korea, and Taiwan (the 3 major constituent components of the pre-1945 jap empire) from the coming of the 1st Canadian missionary in East Asia in 1872 until eventually 1931. Canadian missionaries made an important contribution to the advance of the Protestant move within the eastern Empire. but their impact additionally prolonged some distance past the Christian sphere. via their academic, social, and clinical paintings; their position in introducing new Western rules and social objectives; and their outspoken feedback of the brutalities of jap rule in colonial Korea and Taiwan, the actions of Canadian missionaries had an influence on many various aspects of society and tradition within the jap Empire. Missionaries living within the eastern Empire served as a hyperlink among voters of Japan and Canada and acted as relied on interpreters of items jap to their domestic components.

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It's not wonderful that few missionaries displayed a lot enthusiasm for this very public type of paintings; in spite of everything, they'd to take care of their visual appeal as first rate individuals of the neighborhood. As was once so frequently the case, it tended to be the ladies missionaries (less fascinated with preserving appearances) who have been the main evangelistic, notwithstanding there have been a few capable male evangelistic missionaries one of the Canadians in Japan. yet evangelistic missionaries have been a minority crew. in contrast to in Japan, the place the environment used to be basically city, in Korea Canadian Presbyterian paintings used to be principally rural.

Forman from Princeton, who visited the universities and universities in Canada (including Toronto) and the U.S. to arouse missionary zeal, persuaded greater than 2,200 scholars to volunteer. 34 It used to be fervour, now not wisdom, that drove them to East Asia. a standard instance of this used to be D. R. McKenzie who grew to become a missionary after answering Eby's letter within the Christian parent "appealing to younger Canadians who wanted to turn into missionaries, to come back to Japan to educate within the executive schools approximately to be opened to earn their dwelling, and to behave as an auxiliary missionary strength to our common employees, because the undertaking Board was once no longer then sending from now on missionaries to Japan.

The process for Koreans used to be vast on the straightforward point yet very slim on the better institution point. the inability of possibilities for Koreans to head past hassle-free tuition was once planned; it used to be just for the wealthy who may well find the money for to ship their young children to Japan that the opportunity of larger schooling existed. What the japanese sought after in Korea was once to inculcate eastern values and to unfold using eastern language, the language of legislation and executive, via user-friendly college schooling. so far as attainable, the Government-General wanted to avoid Koreans from buying greater schooling, for this would cause them to a hope for independence.

It's also transparent that there has been a great deal of wishful pondering during this, given the restricted assets of the missionary society. Grandiose schemes for the Kwansei Gakuin, which omitted the restricted cash to be had, can probably be taken as a mirrored image of the frontier spirit which was once a tremendous section of Canadian nationwide personality. furthermore, the Canadian emphasis on schooling was once an expression of a humanitarian challenge, which observed venture paintings no longer in basic terms when it comes to Christian conversion but additionally when it comes to bettering the society within which the missionaries labored.

A hundred thirty THE go AND THE emerging sunlight THE KWANSEI GAKUIN Having divested themselves of the Azabu heart institution, the Canadian Methodists have been loath for a few years to interact in academic paintings. In 1907, even if, with the formation of the Japan Methodist Church, the chance for co-operation in academic paintings with the opposite Methodist missions reappeared. In 1909, the Methodist Episcopal South project invited the Canadian Methodists to hitch them within the academic undertaking they'd all started in Nishinomiya, close to Kobe.

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